7.The blogosphere: you can be a journalist, too!

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Redaktsioon seisuga 25. oktoober 2006, kell 23:28 kasutajalt Kakk (arutelu | kaastöö)
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Blog - diary, journal, magazine


The earliest days

Before the blogs and the Web, there were mailing lists and Usenet newsgroups, Fidonet had its network of bulletin board systems (BBS). But even before that, there was the Community Memory - a terminal-based system running on an XDS-940 computer located in San Francisco (active 1972-74). The first and most famous terminal was located in a record store in Berkeley, used an ASR-33 teletype as terminal and was connected to the computer via a 110-baud (10 characters per second) line. The system allowed to leave messages, attach keywords to them and search the messages by keýwords. In essence, this was a very primitive group blog - and it even gave birth to one of the earliest Net personalities called Benway. The project was run by four early computing pioneers: Ken Colstad, Mark Szpakowski, Lee Felsenstein and Efrem Lipkin.


It all started with a snowstorm that brought unseen amounts of snow down on Chicago in January 1978. Locked in, Ward Christensen started to work on a new computer program called the Computerized Bulletin Board System (CBBS). Initially using a 110-baud line and a single modem, this was the first of its kind to allow users to dial in and leave or browse messages.

Later, modems went up to 300 baud, then 1200 in early eighties - BBS-s became more popular. The users of the first-generation IBM PC compatible computers started a new computing subculture - PC-based home users whose main information channel was the network of BBS-s, especially Fidonet. New BBS-s sported multiple phone lines (finally going up to 33,6 and 56,6 Kbps), allowing for simultaneous use for several people or continued use during the Zone Mail Hour during which one line was to be kept free for inter-BBS messaging (in a manner similar to the Usenet principle of transfer between news servers). Main services were messaging (NetMail) and file transfer (as a message could contain a single file as an attachment). Some BBS-s were also connected to the Internet.

It is also noteworthy that the concept of shareware - the "try before you buy" software - was also first popularised in Fidonet (first famous packages included archivers like PKARC and later PKZIP).

A BBS was similar to today's social software in the sense that due to minimal protection, the system allowed almost no privacy - all information was visible to everyone (gentleman's agreements existed not to read messages addressed to someone else).


FELSENSTEIN, Lee. How Community Memory Came to Be, Part 1. Internaut, Issue #1. http://oldeee.see.ed.ac.uk/online/internaut/internaut-01/comm.html. BLOOD, Rebecca. "Weblogs: A History and Perspective", Rebecca's Pocket. 07 September 2000. 05 October 2006. http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html.